Chichen Itza


This monument is one of the major archaeological sites in the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, located in the town of Tinum in the state of Yucatan. It is an important and renowned relic of the Mayan civilization. Most of the buildings that remain there, are corresponding to the period of the decline of the Mayan culture, which archaeologists was called as post-classic period.

The architecture that came to our days, and today is emblematic of the site, has a clear influence “Tolteca”. According to Mayan mythology, the king who chairs the site is called “Kukulcan”, who is a Mayan representation of “Quetzalcoatl”, said God was taken from the pantheon of the Toltec culture. With this, we can say that Chichen Itza was a ceremonial center or a city, which passes through various construction and influences that were of different peoples that drove and occupied since its founding eras.

UNESCO inscribed the archaeological site of Chichen Itza in the “World Heritage” in 1988, and July 7, 2007, the Temple of Kukulcan, was recognized as one of the “New Seven Wonders of the Modern World” this temple received million voters worldwide.

The buildings that are built in Chichen Itza contain a large number of architectural and iconographic elements that many historians consider that they can be called “mexicanized”. These items are from two cultures, the Mexican plateau, which is mixed with the style “Puuc” which comes from the upper part of the peninsula, which also includes Maya architecture. The massive migration or conquest of the city by Toltec groups, was that which caused some elements from these cultures, such as in the highlands, which were designed a few years ago.


His name is called by the following words Maya, “Chi” (Boca), “Che’en” (Well), “Itz” (Mage, Warlock) and “Ha” (water), which unite to form the wellhead warlocks water. That means Huastec is Ch’iich’en state / bird-like appearance, Itzam ‘is Feathered Serpent. It is named so because it was one of the pincipales Mayan settlements during the Postclassic period in the Yucatan Peninsula, located 110km east of Merida, the above is the capital of the Mexican state of Yucatán.
This city was founded around 525 d. C., during the “first descent down the east or small referring chronic” by chanes Bacalar, who later was called Itza, and later still Cocomes.
When chanes establecerion his government on the appointed season, they continued their journey from east to west in the Yucatan peninsula, where they founded other major cities, such as Ek Balam, Izamal, Motul, T’Hó, the current Merida and Yucatan Champotón.
In the ninth century, it became one of the most important political centers Mayab lands. And for the beginning of the post-classical period, the city had established itself as the main power center in the Yucatan Peninsula.
Recently, some Mexican aqueologos found, pieces of jade, obsidian knives, gems, gemstones, treasures and skeletons; however, it is estimated that the sinkhole still not been explored comprehensively.
The “Sacred Cenote” is a cenote that this open pit 60 feet in diameter, with vertical walls that measure about 15 meters above the access to the water surface and 13 meters deep, which is about the first floor water table in that area of ​​the Yucatan Peninsula.

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