The contemporary name given to this structure is due to so called the llaqta, which is an ancient Andean village, which is recognized worldwide for being part of the “New Seven Wonders of the Modern World” since its construction took place in the fifteenth century in the rocky promontory that connects the mountains of “Machu Picchu” and Huayna Picchu.
The original name of this city have been Picchu or Picho.
Some data libraries of the city reveal that this could have been a sanctuary for Pachacutec, who was the ninth Inca Tawantinsuyu (1438-1470). However, the manner in which it was built and entrances or paths that have the same stand was, rather, a religious sanctuary.
Both uses could have been done, since they would not have been inconsistent due to the design of the city.
Some experts dismiss the idea might have been of a military nature, so popular epithets of “citadel” or “fortress” were overcome.
It is also considered an architectural marvel and engineering due to its design and landscaping, which makes it one of the most visited tourist sites in the world, occupying so, the number 5 position in the “7 Wonders of the World”, from the July 7, 2007.
The city is part of the “Heritage”, organized by UNESCO, has been there since 1983 as a cultural and ecological setting better known as “Santuario Historico Machu Picchu.”
It is located less than 130 kilometers from the most important city in Peru, Cusco, the current regional capital and former capital of the Incas.
The union of the mountains Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu is known as Vilcabamba Batholith, which is located in the central mountain range of the Peruvian Andres.
The town has some ruins, which are on land owned by the National System of Protected Natural Areas by the State (SINANPE), which extends over an area of 32,592 acres (325.92 km2), which is located in the basin of the river Vilcanota -Urubamba, the sanctuary protects a wide variety of endangered species, as well as some local shrines and Incas, Machu Picchu which is considered the principal.
There are some forms of accessthat were built by the ancient Incas, and another that’s down the road “Hiram Bingham” even so, none of the 2 way viewers get no pay fees required by city dwellers.
The climate in the city is hot and humid all day, but at night it’s very cool, because its temperature is varied, hovering between 12 and 24 degrees Celsius. One of the rare rainfall data of the same, is that while this happens, there is a warm sun that let there be so cold. The area is usually very rainy, bringing about 1,955 millimeters per year, especially between November and March.
The region of the city is divided into two regions, the first is agricultural land, which is comprised of croplands, etc., which is south of the city. The second is the urban area, which is obviously where the occupants live and the different main activities and religious ceremonies are performed. The two areas are separated by a large wall, a moat and a staircase, these elements run parallel in the mountains, along the side of it.
The city has more than 600,000 visitors per year.