The Roman Colosseum is an amphitheater of the period of the Roman Empire, which was built in the first century, which is located in the city center of Rome. Originally called the Flavian Amphitheater (Amphitheatrum Flavium Romano), in honor of the Flavian dynasty, which had the emperors who built it, but after the time step to be called “Colosseum”, thanks to a large statue that was located along the monument, the Colossus of Nero, which currently is not conserved.
Thanks to conservation and history is called one of the most famous monuments of classical antiquity, was also declared a “World Heritage Site” by UNESCO in 1980, and finally as one of the “New Seven Wonders of the Modern World.”
In ancient times this had a capacity for 50,000 spectators, with eighty rows of bleachers, which were close to the beach, next to the emperors and senators, and as it rose went placing the lower classes of the city. It took place gladiatorial contests and public spectacles.
It was built east of the Roman Forum, between AD 70. C. and 72 d. C., by the reign of Emperor Vespasian. Its construction was completed by the Emperor Titus in 80 d. C., after a few years was amended under the reign of emperor Domitian. The opening of it lasted 100 days, and that took place some shows in which everyone participated the Roman people, in which tens of gladiators died in the celebration, also gave their lives some beasts, in order to please the public of the peoples.
The use of hard Coliseum over 500 years and celebrated the last games in the sixth century, which was much later than the traditional date of the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 d. C., the Byzantines were giving him to use sand. The use was the same as at the opening, as gladiator fights, mock naval battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology.